Financing Urban Resilience through Land Value Capture

Date
Friday 9 Jul 2021, 09:00 - 18:30
Type
Online event
Spoken Language
English
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About the conference

Making cities more resilient to climate change and natural disasters, and in the process helping them to improve their social and economic resilience, is a major challenge of our time. A large and complicated aspect of urban resilience is the financing question: 'How are cities expected to finance the various hard and soft measures needed to prepare for (and recover from) climate change impacts and disasters, and what role can land-based finance play in that?'

Capturing increments in land values – through such measures as land and property taxes, public land leasing, trading of density rights and land readjustment – has long been a key strategy that has helped cities in developed countries fund their local infrastructure and public goods and amenities and to correct distortions in land markets.

The challenge is now to expand the use of LVC in cities in the developing world. The importance of LVC instruments for local governments is increasing as central government financing comes under strain from fiscal pressures and cities will have to turn more to local funding sources. External shocks, such as the current pandemic and natural disasters, are exacerbating this trend.

This conference brings together researchers, scholars, experts, and policymakers working on resilience and global climate adaptation for a full day of discussion and presentations on the interaction between land-based finance and urban resilience.

Conference programme

  • Conference Master of Ceremony | Charmae Pyl Wissink-Nercua, IHS Land and Housing Development Strategies Specialist

    Introduction to the conference background and rationale | Dr. Paul Rabé, IHS Senior Land Expert

    Welcome opening remarks  | Kees van Rooijen, IHS Director

    Keynote speaker: Lauren Sorkin, Executive Director, Resilient Cities Network

    A donor organization perspective: GIZ and Land Value Capture | Alix Loisier Dufour, Advisor, GIZ & Dr. Paul Rabé, IHS Senior Land Expert

  • What role can land-based financing play in building resilience in cities? What best practices exist and what can be learned from them? What are the drivers and constraints to their wider use?

    This session is moderated by Geoffrey Payne, Geoffrey Payne & Associates


    Speakers

    Helen Rourke, Willard Matiashe & Claudia Hitzeroth:

    The role of land value capture in financing inclusive cities: Experiences of institutionalising LVC in South Africa 

    Dr. Priya Sasidharan:

    RAILOPOLIS – Lining the Potential & Tracking the Challenges 

    Ms. Lilia San Diego Raflores:

    Land Value Capture: Philippines Experience 

    What recommendation and next steps can be envisioned to promote greater use of land-based financing, with a special focus on cities in the global South? What is required from different urban actors to address resilience financing?

    This session is moderated by Banashree Banerjee


    Speakers

    Fahmida Islam and Dr. Neelopal Adri:

    Exploring land-based financing to preserve urban green in the agrarian context of Bangladesh 

    A. Yunastiawan Eka Pramana & Novi Maulida Ni'mah:

    The Utilization of the Land Consolidation to Enhance the Economic and Community Resilience 

    Mr. Sankha Subhra Nath, Dr. Indrani Chakraborty, Dr. Subhrajit Banerjee:

    Exploring the use of land value capture instruments by land pooling to avoid urban flood in newly developed planned satellite towns: Case of New Town, Kolkata, India 

    What are the concepts and applications of land-based financing instruments and land value capture instruments?What are the challenges of LVC in the context of resilience, including institutional capacity, awareness, legal framework, and politics?

    This session is moderated by Prof.Dr. Erwin van der Krabben, Radboud University


    Speakers

    Tasneim Osman M. Gaafar & Mohamed Khatir:

    Land Value Capture of Public Space: A look at Khartoum’s Plant Nursery Rent Policy

    Dr. Toriqul Bashar:

    Cooperative land use and low-cost housing for the urban poor in Bangladesh

    Samuel B. Biitir, Michael Poku-Boansi  & John T. Bugri:

    Financing local government resilient infrastructure development with land-based finance instruments in Ghana: Challenges and prospects

    What are the main resilience strategies employed in cities in response to climate change and/or natural disasters? What are sources of private and public revenues? How are the different urban actors involved? How can the idea of co-benefits help to finance resilience measures?

    This session is moderated by Dr. Jan Fransen, IHS


    Speakers

    Sarah Redoblado:

    Fire and Water: How multiple land use came to be in Kaingin Bukid

    Mahfuja Aktar:

    Policies and Politics around financing Conservation of Flood Plain in Bangladesh 

    Oleksandra Tkachenko & Juliana Giraldo:

    Strategy for the resilient redevelopment of the area with disperse ownership in the Netherlands 
  • 1. Innovative land value capture instruments  | Ore Fika & Prof. Dr. Erwin van der Krabben

    In this Master Class, we discuss a number of prospective and innovative land value capture (LVC) instruments for the financing of sustainable development goals and examine how these instruments can help to maximize land-based finance, in an equitable way. To understand the role that land-based finance can play in promoting resilient and equitable urban development, it is useful to refer to the concept of a virtuous cycle of value capture. The master class has an interactive format and it targets an audience in Asia-Pacific, Africa, MENA and Europe with a case study of BGI from East Asia and from the United States.

    2. Land Value Capture and Blue-Green Infrastructure  | Dr. Paul Rabé, IHS Senior Land ExpertDr. William Veerbeek

    In this Master Class, jointly coordinated by IHS, Erasmus University Rotterdam and IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft, we examine the relationship between two core concepts: land value capture (LVC) and blue-green infrastructure (BGI) and how they can relate and can be made to strengthen each other. Multiple benefits of BGI projects will be pointed out including urban land values, when these projects are designed and implemented to incorporate multiple public policy goals. The master class has an interactive format, involving a lecture and discussion session and it targets an audience in Asia-Pacific, Africa, MENA and Europe with a case study of BGI from the East Asia.  

    Read more about the Masterclass here.

  • The Role of Land in Achieving Adequate and Affordable Housing | Geoffrey Payne, Geoffrey Payne & Associates

    With demand increasing far faster than formal supply in many countries at all levels of economic development, competition is forcing up land prices and the promotion of individual ownership has further inflated prices to the level that ownership is out of the question for many, even in middle-income countries, and rental costs are also increasingly unaffordable. In 2019, UN-Habitat invited Geoffrey Payne to prepare a report on land-based finance for affordable housing in order to address this challenge. The final report shared on this event reviews a number of policy instruments for managing urban land and housing markets that have been shown to provide adequate and affordable housing within the constraints of market-driven economic systems.

    Read more about the side event here.

  • 1. Keynote speaker  Dr. Robin King (WRI)

    2. Q&A with Dr. Robin King moderated by Claudio Acioly, Jr. 

  • This session is moderated by Dr. Jay Mittal, Auburn University, USA


    Speakers

    PhD (c). Fiona Imami, Prof. Dr. Besnik Aliaj:

    Dealing with uncertainties and resilient approaches in Albania – Challenges and burdens of making use of innovative land base financial instruments in a developing context

    Luis Eduardo Montenegro Charry:

    The role of the distribution of charges (costs) and benefits in financing spatial development in Colombia

    Erman Eruz, Ignacio Montojo & Shuprotim Bhaumik:

    Value capture in the absence of an open land market: The potential of development charges to finance resilience infrastructure in Maputo

    Dr. Anis Wahabi

    Consultant in public finance sector and local governance, Tunisia

    This session is moderated by Dr. Paul Rabé, IHS Senior Land Expert


    Speakers

    Negin Amiri, Mohammadsaeid Izadi & Meysam Deghati Najd:

    Design Governance Mechanism as the Preliminary Factor to Make Natural-Based Urban Regeneration Projects Feasible: Learning from URBiNAT Project in Khorramabad 

    Dr. Anthony Boanada-Fuchs:

    Land Value Capture in Action – Which land ? What value ? Who captures? Cautionary Insights from an Indian best practice

    This session is moderated by Dr. Jan Fransen, IHS


    Speakers

    Santiago Salamanca, Adriana Vega & Ignacio Montojo:

    Land Value Capture in Colombia and its applicability to urban resilience. Opportunities and challenges 

    Sandra Guinguer:

    Land-based finance instruments to finance resilience: The Colombian Experience 

    Michael Brown & Dustin Martin:

    Land Value Capture: Financing great cities when your golden goose is cooked/ running petro cities in a post petronomy 

    This session is moderated by Dr. Demetrio Muñoz Gielen


    Speakers

    Illari Cristina Aguilar Sanguinetti and Manuel Martín Lozada Checa:

    Rezoning in Lurin and TDR as a possible solution for resilience in Peru

    Benard Acellam:

    Challenges to the adoption of Land-based financing of Urban Resilience in the Secondary Cities in Uganda 

    Ulohomuno Eze Afieroho:

    Harnessing the opportunities and energies of African Self-organized communities to finance urban resilience in Nigeria 
  • 1. Innovative land value capture instruments  | Ore Fika & Prof. Dr. Cynthia Goytia

    This Master Class presents state of the art findings on innovation in land value capture that has been gaining momentum in different countries. The session provides the opportunity for participants to better understand how uplift in land values attributable to an administrative decision is unearned by the landowner and therefore, an efficient target for revenue generation. The master class has an interactive format, involving a lecture and discussion session that targets an audience in the Americas, Africa, MENA and Europe, and will feature different case studies.

    2. Land Value Capture and Blue-Green Infrastructure  | Dr. Paul Rabé, IHS Senior Land Expert & Prof. Dr. Chris Zevenbergen

    In this Master Class, jointly coordinated by IHS, Erasmus University Rotterdam and IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft, we examine the relationship between two core concepts: land value capture (LVC) and blue-green infrastructure (BGI) and how they can relate and can be made to strengthen each other. Multiple benefits of BGI projects will be pointed out including urban land values, when these projects are designed and implemented to incorporate multiple public policy goals. The master class has an interactive format, involving a lecture and discussion session and it targets an audience in the Americas, Africa, MENA and Europe with a case study of BGI from the United States.  

    Read more about the Masterclass here.

  • Intro to the Speaker | Charmae Nercua

    Way forward and call to action: The Future of Land value capture instruments in financing urban resilience | Mayor Claudia Lopez, City of Bogota, Colombia 

    Intro to the next speakers | Charmae Nercua

    Conference Key take-aways & Synthesis | Geoffrey Payne

    Closing announcements | Charmae Nercua

  • Networking

Format and Knowledge Contributors

In response to the challenges posed by the COVID-19 global crisis, the Conference will be held in an online format. The programme of this conference is interactive, including panel discussions, Masterclasses, and keynote lectures. Masterclasses will be provided by experts and will be repeated in the morning and afternoon to accommodate participants from different time zones. The material to be discussed in the Masterclasses will be tailored to specific time zone regions. 

The conference is organized with the contribution of key international organizations:

The conference is part of the Executive Course on Transition to Land-Based Finance of IHS.

More information

Photo by Shawn Ang on Unsplash