IHS Tools and Toolkits
Urban Management and Development is a dynamic process where competencies and responsibilities are continuously transformed, updated or added to the tasks of local authorities and their partners. As the world continues to experience rapid urbanization, cities and metropolitan regions are faced with the challenge of how to best plan and organize these areas. In addition to this, there are increasing demands on urban professionals to provide more efficient and effective responses to the far ranging needs of their cities and citizens.
To assist with these processes, IHS have created several tools for urban professionals within their fields of expertise. These tools assist with the complexities of decision making, allowing for measurement, monitoring and support for sustainable urban development. Our tools are presented within our learning environments so that our participants can use these techniques within their careers.
IHS Green City Index and Global Green City Performance Index
There are many concepts and methods which try to accommodate the growth of cities without impairing sustainability. However, many are complex, with many unable to measure green performance over time, failing to deliver actionable advice to decision-makers. The green city concept is one of the latest, and aims to address some of these issues.
In his recent paper written with RSM alumnus Jannes Klaas, Dr. Ogenis Brilhante has introduced two tools to measure green performance, explain possible factors that have influenced green performances over time, to set targets and track achievements.
The IHS Green City Index (IHS-GCI) allows measurements and comparisons of the city’s Environmental Performance over time using a small number of quantitative indicators that represent key elements of the thematic areas of a developed green city concept. The IHS Global Green City Performance Index (IHS-GGCPI) advances with the experience gained from the IHS-GCI, by measuring the green city performance over time globally.
It is intended that these tools can be used by local authorities to analyse their own city’s Green City Performance. To learn more about the tools, read the entire article here or contact Dr. Ogenis Brilhante
The Climate Actions Prioritisation Tool (CLIMACT Prio) is a system to support urban policy makers and local stakeholders to make climate action decisions. The tool provides process support to decision makers on how to identify and prioritize between different climate change actions for mitigation and adaptation via qualitative assessments and multi-criteria analysis methods.
The objectives of CLIMACT Prio are to:
- Prioritize Climate Actions
- Inform and Guide Decision Making
- Integrate Multiple Objectives (MCA)
- Enhance Stakeholders’ Engagement
- Facilitate Learning
- Stimulate Knowledge Generation
In terms of application, CLIMACT Prio can be used in capacity building and training of professionals from local governments, and has been used in education environments including workshops, short courses and tailor made trainings.
Using the tool allows professionals to consider the most important steps in decision making for climate adaptation planning, whilst also focusing on the possible challenges and trade-offs throughout the process such as limited financial resources, and differing development priorities of stakeholders.
For further information on CLIMACT Prio, please contact Elena Marie Ensenado
A City Development Strategy (CDS) is a tool that helps a city harness the potential of urbanization through strategic planning. It seeks to promote equitable growth in cities and their surrounding regions to improve the quality of life for all citizens using democratic processes. CDS can also be described as a new planning form, taking on board more non-spatial considerations and involving more participants including residents, private sectors, civil society and academia for dynamic urban development. It also provides a platform for leveraging resources, providing investors and donors a product to finance.
A CDS consists of four phases within a cycle positioned as questions to a participating city: Where are we now? Where are we going? How are we going to get there? And How to implement and know we are on track? In addition to these four phases, the CDS also includes cross-cutting themes relevant to all phases such as gender and poverty.
This innovative toolkit was developed by IHS and Labor für Politik und Kommunikation (FLMH) for Cities Alliance and UNOPs, with assistance of local governments in Uganda and Mozambique.
CAST (Capacity ASsessment Tool) is a tool for assessing city administrations’ project planning, financing and management capacities, developed for the C40 Cities Finance Facility (CFF). It focusses on three levels of capacity development that have been identified by research from CFF and GIZ: individual, organizational and inter-organizational.
The tool intends to identify capacity development gaps from the viewpoint of project stakeholders, raising questions on assessing the core capacities of participants to perform the activities efficiently and objectives involved in preparing bankable projects related to climate change. The questions are grouped thematically in three main areas (management, climate change and collaborations), while a fourth section explores the overall context in which the project is being developed (project context and external conditions).
The results are then collated into radar graphs, presenting the skills and knowledge of the participants, which can be analyzed using the “CAST Guideline”, with its methodology and rubrics. The survey results can also be used to conduct focus group discussions and additional future re-assessmensts.
In its updated version, CAST 2.0 will be embedded within the CFF Capacity Development Strategy to allow them to assess their ability to take well informed decisions, ensure leadership and ownership during the preparation of climate mitigation and adaptation projects, and linking these projects to finance. The application of CAST is one of the first steps of the Capacity Assessment Process, and provides input for the Capacity Development methods that follow in the Capacity Development Strategy process such as the technical assessment by consultants, focus group discussions, a workshop using tools such as a SWOT analysis and interviews. The tool will provide criteria to prioritize the most urgent capacity needs by ranking them as low, basic, moderate and strong capacities on a specific topic.
For further information on CAST, please contact Dr. Alexander Jachnow.
Photo credit: Tran Phu