Elena Marie Enseñado

Researcher, Urban Environment, Sustainability, and Climate Change

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Elena Marie Enseñado currently works as an Urban Environment, Sustainability, and Climate Change specialist at IHS. Her thematic interests include climate change and environmental planning, learning for socio-technical transitions and social-ecological resilience, ecosystem services and nature-based solutions, vulnerability assessments using participatory methods, and participatory decision making using multiple criteria analysis.

At IHS, Elena is involved in advisory, research, education, and capacity building activities. She has more than 12 years of experience in project development, management, and monitoring. Key project involvements at IHS include PROSPECT: Peer Powered Cities and Regions; SUSTAIN: Strengthening higher education in Urban Sustainability and Transitions towards internationalization of Academic Institutions and Networks; and Covenant CapaCITY: Capacity building of local governments to advance Local Climate and Energy Action.

Aside from working with cities and regions in the European Union on sustainable energy and climate change actions, she also has working experience in Asia, Africa, and South America. She has worked on various projects funded by the European Commission; the Netherlands Enterprise Agency; the Netherlands Organization for International Cooperation in Higher Education, UN Habitat, and other clients.

Elena joined IHS after completing her Master's degree in Urban Management and Development, specializing in Urban Environmental Management and Climate Change, in 2013.  Before her graduate studies in the Netherlands, she worked in various development projects for local and international clients, such as in the fields of climate change, biodiversity conservation, and natural resource management, in the Philippines.


Enseñado, E.M. and Heemann, J. How can peer-to-peer learning support energy transition in cities and regions? 2020. Edited by Van den Dool, L. and Schaap, L. in Strategies for Urban Network Learning. Book Chapter. Publisher: Palgrave.

Enseñado, E.M. and Grafakos, S. (2017). Multiple Criteria Analysis in Low Carbon Urban Development: A Review of Applications in Low-and-Middle Income Countries. Edited by Van Rooijen, K. Edelenbos, J. and Van Dijk, M.P. in Unfolding City Governance in Complex Environments Book Chapter. Publisher: Practical Action

Grafakos, S., Enseñado, E.M. and Flamos, A. 2016. Developing an integrated sustainability and resilience framework of indicators for the assessment of low-carbon energy technologies at the local levelInternational Journal of Sustainable Energy, 36 (10): 945–71. 

Grafakos, S., Enseñado, E.M., Flamos, A. and Rotmans, J. 2015. Mapping and measuring European local governments’ priorities for a sustainable and low-carbon energy futureEnergies, 8 (10), pp. 11641-11666. 

Grafakos, S., Flamos, A. and Enseñado, E. M. 2015. Preferences matter : a constructive approach to incorporating local stakeholders’ preferences in the sustainability evaluation of energy technologiesSustainability, 7 (8), pp. 10922-10960.

Research Contributions

UN Habitat. 2017. Sustainable Urbanization in the Paris Agreement. Comparative Review of Nationally Determined Contributions for Urban Content. Available at: https://unhabitat.org/books/sustainable-urbanization-in-the-paris-agreement/