The Academic Debate on SDG 11

Jain, Akshat; Gue, Ivan Henderson and Jain, Prateek (2023) Research trends, themes, and insights on artificial neural networks for smart cities towards SDG-11, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 412, 1137300,

Xu, Zihan; Peng, Jian; Liu, Yanxu; Qiu, Sijing; Zhang, Hanbing and Dong, Jianquan (2023) Exploring the combined impact of ecosystem services and urbanization on SDGs realization, Applied Geography, vol. 153, 102907,


Bosworth, Brendon (2022) Partnering for transformative SDG-oriented urban development : guidance for multi-partner initiatives from the Global Future Cities Programme. Nairobi: United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat)

Du Plessis, A. (2022). SDG 11: make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable. In: J. Ebbesson amd E. Hey (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of the Sustainable Development Goals and International Law (Cambridge Law Handbooks, pp. 281-303). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gelan, Eshetu and Girma,  Yared (2022). Urban green infrastructure accessibility for the achievement of SDG 11 in rapidly urbanizing cities of Ethiopia. GeoJournal, vol. 87, no. 4, 2883–2902.
Gupta, Shivam and Degbelo, Auriol (2022) An empirical analysis of AI contributions to sustainable cities (SDG11). In F. Mazzi, and L. Floridi (Eds.,) The ethics of Artificial Intelligence for the Sustainable Development Goals <Forthcoming>

OECD (2022) The Sustainable Development Goals as a framework for COVID-19 recovery in cities and regions (OECD Regional Development Papers ; 26). Paris: OECD Publishing.

Ramani, Shyama V. and Hettiarachchi, Hiroshan (2022) SDG 11, sustainable cities and communities : moving forward with the circular economy (Towards sustainable futures). Abingdon: Routledge.

Robinson, T. and Ji, M. (2022). Sustainable, smart and solidary Seoul : transforming an Asian megacity (Springer Nature Sustainable Development Goals Series). Cham: Springer.

Sanfo, Safiétou; Neya, Oblé; Da, Sylvestre; Salack, Seyni; Amikuzuno, Joseph; Gandaa, Bizoola Zinzoola; Hackman, Kwame Oppong and Ogunjobi, Kehinde Olufunso (2022). Waste recycling and repurposing to address SDG 11 in Burkina Faso: Do multi-stakeholder platforms matter? In: S. Croese and S.Parnell, (Eds.), Localizing the SDGs in African cities (Sustainable Development Goals series). Cham: Springer.

Scruggs, Gregory (2022). Integrating the SDGs in urban project design : recommendations from the Global Future Cities Programme. Nairobi: United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat)

Sengupta, Ushnish and Sengupta, Ulysses (2022) SDG-11 and smart cities: Contradictions and overlaps between social and environmental research agenda, Frontiers in Sociology, 7, 995603.

Baffoe, Gideon; Zhou, Xin; Moinuddin, Mustafa; Somanje, Albert Novas; Kuriyama, Akihisa; Mohan, Geetha; Saito, Osamu and Takeuchi, Kazuhiko (2021). Urban–rural linkages: Effective solutions for achieving sustainable development in Ghana from an SDG interlinkage perspective. Sustainability Science, 16, 1341–1362.
Bernegger, Heinz J.; Laube , Patrick; Ochsner, Pascal; Meslec, Mihaela; Rahn, Hanno; Junghardt, Johann; Aurich, Isabella and Ashworth, Simon (2021) Sustain GEOBIM - a new method to simulate sustainable development scenarios for urban areas, Circular Economy and Sustainability, 1, 967-976,

Cinderby, Steve; Bruin, Annemarieke de; Cambridge, Howard; Muhoza, Cassilde and Ngabirano Amanda (2021) Transforming urban planning processes and outcomes through creative methods, Ambio, 50, 1018-1034,

Croese, Sylvia; Dominique, Massamba and Raimundo, Inês Macamo (2021) Co-producing urban knowledge in Angola and Mozambique: towards meeting SDG 11, npj Urban Sustainability, 1(8),

Gajjar, Vibha; Sharma, Utpal and Shah, M. Hetankshi (2021) Deliverable to improve air quality using NDVI analysis for Ahmedabad City : addressing the agendas of SDG, Current Research in Environmental Sustainability, vol. 3, 100036,

Gelan, Eshetu and Girma, Yared (2021) Urban green infrastructure accessibility for the achievement of SDG 11 in rapidly urbanizing cities of Ethiopia, GeoJournal,
Hawken, Scott; Rhamat, Homa; Sepasgozar, Samad M. E.; and Zhang, Kefeng (2021)The SDGs, ecosystem services and cities : a network analysis of current research innovation for implementing urban sustainability, Sustainability, 13(24), 14057;
Hosseini, Keyvan; Stefaniec, Agnieszka and Hosseini, Seyedeh Parisa (2021) World Heritage Sites in developing countries : assessing impacts and handling complexities toward sustainable tourism, Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, vol. 20, June 2021, 100616,

Labadi, Sophia; Giliberto, Francesca; Rosetti, Ilaria; Shetabi, Linda and Yildirim, Ege (2021) Heritage and the Sustainable Development Goals : policy guidance for Heritage and Development Actors, Paris, Sustainable Development Goals Working Group – Priority Action 1 Task Team, International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS)

Mycoo, Michelle A. and Bharath, Keisha (2021) Sustainable Development Goal 11 and a New Urban Agenda for Caribbean Small Island Developing States : policy, practice, and actionOpens external [Research topic : Urban Sustainability Goals and the New Urban Agenda]. Frontiers in Sustainable Cities, 3:554377.

Pottgiesser, Uta; Fatoric, Sandra; Hein, Carola; Maaker, Erik de and Pereira Roders, Ana (eds.) (2021) LDE Heritage conference on Heritage and the Sustainable Development Goals : proceedings (26th - 28th November 2019, Delft), Delft, TU Delft Open

Shulla, Kalterina; Voigt, Bernd-Friedrich; Cibian, Stefan; Scandone, Giuseppe; Martinez, Edna; Nelkovski, Filip and Salehi, Pourya (2021) Effects of COVID-19 on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Discover Sustainability, vol. 2, 15,

Thiam, Sokhna; Aziz, Fati; Kushitor, Sandra Boatemaa; Amaka-Otchere, Akosua Baah Kwarteng; Onyima Blessing Nonye and Odume, Oghenekaro Nelson (2021) Analyzing the contributions of transdisciplinary research to the global sustainability agenda in African cities, Sustainability Science 16, 1923-1944,
Alarcón González, Diana (2020) Applying the SDGs to urban violence : a robust response must address root causes, In: Anthony F. Pipa and Max Bouchet (Eds.) City playbook for advancing the SDGs, Washington, Center for Sustainable Development at Brookings

Almeida, Ana C. L. and Davey, Peter (2020) Integrating health promotion into sustainable development goal 11: major challenges and learned lessons from Healthy Municipalities, Cities and Communities (HMC) in Brazil, International Journal of Health Promotion and Education,

Angheloiu, Corina and Tennant, Mike (2020) Urban futures : systemic or system changing interventions? A literature review using Meadows' leverage points as analytical framework, Cities, vol. 104, 102808,

Barata, Martha M. L.; Bader, Daniel A.; Dereczynski, Claudine; Regoto, Pedro and Rosenzweig, Cynthia (2020) Use of climate change projections for resilience planning in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil [Research topic : Urban Sustainability Goals and the New Urban Agenda]. Frontiers in Sustainable Cities, 2:28.

Bounoua, Lahouari; Fathi, Najlaa; Berkaoui, Meryem El; Ghazouani, Laila El and Messouli, Mohammed (2020), Assessment of Sustainability Development in Urban Areas of Morocco, Urban Science, 2020, vol. 4, no. 2, 18;

Dolley, Jonathan, Marshall, Fiona; Butcher, Bradley; Reffin, Jeremy; Robinson, James Alexander; Eray, Baris and Quadrianto, Novi (2020) Analysing trade-offs and synergies between SDGs for urban development, food security and poverty alleviation in rapidly changing peri-urban areas : a tool to support inclusive urban planning, Sustainability Science, 15, 1601-1619,

Filho, W. Leal; Azul, A. M.; Brandli, L.; Özuyar, P. G. and Wall, T. (eds) (2020) Sustainable cities and communities (Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals), New York, Springer International Publishing.

Joubert, Leonie; Taylor, Anna; Pieterse, Edgar; Haysom, Gareth; Cirolia, Liza Rose; Sitas, Rike and Smit, Warren (2020) Realisng just cities, Rondebosch, African Centre for Cities, University of Cape Town

Major, David C.; Lehmann Martin and Fitton, James (2018) Linking the management of climate change adaptation in small coastal towns and cities to the Sustainable Development Goals, Ocean & Coastal Management, vol. 163, pp. 205-208,

Parikh, Priti; Diep, Loan; Gupte, Jaideep and Lakhanpaul, Monica (2020) COVID-19 challenges and WASH in informal settlements : integrated action supported by the sustainable development goals, Cities, vol. 107, December 2020, 102871, 08 September 2020,

Rajabifard, Abbas (ed.) (2020) Sustainable Development Goals connectivity dilemma : land and geospatial information for urban and rural resilience, Boca Raton, CRC Press, see:

Robin, Enora and Acuto, Michele (2018) Global urban policy and the geopolitics of urban data, Political Geography, vol. 66, pp. 76-87,

Sietchiping, Remy and Omwamba, John (2020). The future of urban policy in Africa. Localization of SDG 11 and the New Urban Agenda. In: S. C. Nunes and A.T rono, (Eds.), Local governance in the New Urban Agenda. Local and urban governance. Cham: Springer.

Spiliotopoulou, Maria and Roseland, Mark (2020) Urban Sustainability : from Theory Influences to Practical Agendas, Sustainability, 2020, vol. 12, no. 18, 7245;

Zoomers, Annelies; Noorloos, Femke van; Otsuki, Kei; Steel, Griet and Westen, Guusvan (2017) The rush for land in an urbanizing world : from land grabbing toward developing safe, resilient, and sustainable cities and landscapes, World Development, vol. 92, pp. 242-252,


Abubakara, Ismaila Rimi and Aina, Yusuf Adedoyin (2019) The prospects and challenges of developing more inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable cities in Nigeria, Land Use Policy, vol. 87, 104105,

Ajibade, Idowu and Egge, Michael  (2019) SDGs and climate adaptation in Asian megacities : synergies and opportunities for transformation, In: Dalby, Simon; Horton and Mahon, Rianne with Tonmaz, Diana (eds.) (2019) Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals : global governance challenges (Routledge studies in sustainable development) pp. 100-116, available at ResearchGate

Bansard, Jennifer S.; Hickmann, Thomas and Kern, Kristine (2019) Pathways to urban sustainability : How science can contribute to sustainable development in cities, GAIA – Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 112-118,
Kabisch, Sigrun; Finnveden, Göran; Kratochvil, Petr; Sendi, Richard; Smagacz-Poziemska, Marta; Matos, Rafaela and Bylund, Jonas (2019) New urban transitions towards sustainability : addressing SDG Challenges (Research and implementation tasks and topics from the perspective of the Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) of the Joint Programming Initiative (JPI) Urban Europe), Sustainability, vol. 11, no 8, 2242;
Krellenberg, Kerstin; Bergsträßer, Hannah; Bykova, Daria; Kress, Nele and Tyndall, Katharine (2019) Urban sustainability strategies guided by the SDGs – a tale of four citiesSustainability, vol. 11, no. 4, 1116;
Mitlin, Diana; Beard, Victoria A.; Satterthwaite, David and Du, Jillian (2019) Unaffordable and undrinkable : rethinking urban water access in the Global South (World Resources Report : towards a more equal city : working paper), Washington, World Resources Institute (WRI) Ross Center for Sustainable Cities

Oliveira, M. Cecilia (2018) Global goals and urban development : the territorial effects of implementing the MDGs in Brazil, In: Aust, Helmut Philipp and Du Plessis, Anél (eds.) The globalization of governance, New York, Routledge, pp. 173-185.

Patel, Amit; Joseph,George; Shrestha, Anne and Foint, Yaeli (2019) Measuring deprivations in the slums of Bangladesh : implications for achieving sustainable development goals, Housing and Society, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 81-109,

Ramirez-Rubio, Oriana; Daher, Carolyn; Fanjul, Gonzalo; Gascon, Mireia; Mueller, Natalie; Pajín, Leire; Plasencia, Antoni; Rojas-Rueda, David; Thondoo, Meelan and Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J. (2019) Urban health : an example of a “health in all policies” approach in the context of SDGs implementation,

Globalization and Health, 15, 87,

UN-ESCAP (2019) The future of Asian and Pacific cities 2019 : transformative pathways towards sustainable urban development, Bangkok, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN-ESCAP)

UN-Habitat (2019) SDG project assessment tool vol. 2 : user guide. Nairobi: United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat)

Valencia, Sandra C.; Simon, David; Croese, Sylvia; Nordqvist, Joakim; Oloko, Michael, Sharma, Tarun Nick Buck, Taylor and Versace, Ileana (2019) Adapting the Sustainable Development Goals and the New Urban Agenda to the city level : Initial reflections from a comparative research project, International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 4-23;

Zhang, Qian; Liu, Shuming; Wang, Tao; Dai, Xiaohu; Baninla, Yvette; Nakatani, Jun and Moriguchi, Yuichi (2019) Urbanization impacts on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of the water infrastructure in China : trade-offs among sustainable development goals (SDGs), Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 232, pp. 474-486,

Zhang, Xiang; Chen, Nengcheng; Sheng, Hao; Ip, Chris; Yang, Long; Chen, Yiqun; Sang, Ziqin; Tadesse, Tsegaye; Lim, Tania Pei Yee; Rajabifard, Abbas; Bueti, Cristina; Zeng, Linglin; Wardlow, Brian; Wang, Siqi; Tang, Shiyi; Xiong, Zhang; Li, Deren and Niyogi, Dev (2019) Urban drought challenge to 2030 sustainable development goals, Science of the Total Environment, vol. 696, 133536,


Cibrario, Daria (2018) SDG 11 : to ensure sustainable waste services, we must value waste workers and make sure they are in decent jobs, In: Spotlight on Sustainable Development 2018 : Exploring new policy pathways : How to overcome obstacles and contradictions in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda (report by the Civil Society Report on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development), Beirut, Civil Society Reflection Group on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, pp. 138-143

Cohen, Matthew and Habron, Geoffrey (2018) How does the New Urban Agenda align with comprehensive planning in U.S. Cities? A case study of Asheville, North Carolina, Sustainability, vol. 10, no. 12, 4590;
Giezen, Mendel; Balikci, Stella and Arundel, Rowan (2018) Using remote sensing to analyse net Land-use change from conflicting sustainability policies : the case of Amsterdam, ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, vol. 7, no 9, 381;
IFLA (2018) Sustainable cities and communities : IFLA input to UN NGO Major Group position paper on SDG 11, The Hague, International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA)
Koch, Florian and Krellenberg, Kerstin (2018) How to contextualize SDG 11? Looking at indicators for Sustainable Urban Development in Germany, ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 7, 464;

Olaniran, Sunday Olawale (2018) Balancing Africanisation with community education : implication for achieving the SDG 11 : sustainable cities and communities, Gender & Behaviour, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 12143-12151, available at ResearchGate

Rudd, Andrew; Simon, David; Cardama, Maruxa; Birch, Eugénie L. and Revi, Aromar (2018) The UN, the Urban Sustainable Development Goal, and the New Urban Agenda, In: Elmqvist, Thomas; Bai, Xuemei and Frantzeskaki et al. (eds.) The urban planet : knowledge towards sustainable cities, New York, Cambridge University Press, pp. 180-196.

Satterthwaite, David (2018) Who can implement the Sustainable Development Goals in urban areas? In T. Elmqvist, X. Bai, N. Frantzeskaki, C. Griffith, D. Maddox, T. McPhearson, et al. (Eds.), Urban planet : knowledge towards sustainable cities (pp. 408-410). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Song, Jaemin and Lee, Eun Woo (2018) Goal 11 : sustainable city and communities, In: Yung, Tae Yong (ed.) (2018) Sustainable Development Goals in the Republic of Korea, London, Routledge, pp. 110-137.

Wang, Xinyuan; Ren, Hongge; Wang, Pu; Yang, Ruixia; Luo, Lei and Cheng, Fulong (2018) A preliminary study on Target 11.4 for UN Sustainable Development Goals, International Journal of Geoheritage and Parks, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 18-24,

Wendling, Laura A.; Huovila, Aapo; Castell-Rüdenhausen, Malin zu; Hukkalainen, Mari and Airaksinen, Miimu (2018) Benchmarking nature-Based solution and smart city assessment schemes against the Sustainable Development Goal indicator framework, Frontiers in Environmental Science, vol. 6, article 69, pp. 1-18,

Zinkernagel, Roland; Evans, James and Neij, Lena (2018) Applying the SDGs to cities : business as usual or a new dawn? Sustainability, vol. 10, no. 9, 3201;
Abubakar, Ismaila Rami and Aina, Yusuf (2017) Transitioning from MDGs to SDGs : towards developing more inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable cities in Nigeria [Paper presented at World Symposium on Sustainability Science Research : Implementing the UN Sustainable Development Goals, Manchester, United Kingdom, 5th – 7th April 2017)
Corbett, Jacqueline and Mellouli, Sehl (2017) Winning the SDG battle in cities : how an integrated information ecosystem can contribute to the achievement of the 2030 sustainable development goals, Information Systems Journal, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 427-461,
Caprotti, Federico; Cowley, Robert; Datta, Ayona; Broto, Vanesa Castán; Gao, Eleanor; Georgeson, Lucien; Herrick, Clare; Odendaal, Nancy and Joss, Simon (2017) The New Urban Agenda : key opportunities and challenges for policy and practice, Urban Research & Practice, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 367-378, Also available at ResearchGate

Farha, Leilani and Porter, Bruce (2017) SDG 11 : commodification over community : financialization of the housing sector and its threat to SDG 11 and the right to housing, In: Spotlight on Sustainable Development 2017 : reclaiming policies for the public : privatization, partnerships, corporate capture, and their impact on sustainability and inequality – assessments and alternatives (report by the Civil Society Report on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development), Beirut, Civil Society Reflection Group on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, pp. 105-116

Patel, Zarina; Greyling, Saskia; Simon, David; Arfvidsson, Helen; Moodley, Nishendra; Primo, Natasha and Wright, Carol (2017) Local responses to global sustainability agendas: learning from experimenting with the urban sustainable development goal in Cape Town, Sustainable Science, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 785-797.

Plessis, Anél du (2017) The readiness of South African law and policy for the pursuit of Sustainable Development Goal 11, Law, Democracy & Development, vol. 17, no 1, pp. 239-262,

Teferi, Zafu Assefa and Newman, Peter (2017) Slum regeneration and sustainability : applying the extended metabolism model and the SDGs, Sustainability, vol. 9, no. 12, 2273;
Arslan, Tulin Vural; Durak, Selan and Aytac, Deniz Ozge (2016) Attaining SDG11 : can sustainability assessment tools be used for improved transformation of neighbourhoods in historic city centers? Natural Resources Forum, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 180-202,

Barnett, Clive and Parnell, Susan (2016) Ideas, implementation and indicators : epistemologies of the post-2015 urban agenda, Environment & Urbanization, vol. 28, 1, pp. 87-98,

Cibrario, Daria (2016) SDG 11 : Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable : Towards a New Urban Agenda, In: Spotlight on Sustainable Development 2016 (report by the Civil Society Report on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development), Beirut, Civil Society Reflection Group on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, pp. 87-93

Hosagrahar, Jyoti; Soule, Jeffrey; Girard, Fusco Luigi and Potts, Andrew (2016) Cultural heritage, the UN Sustainable Development Goals, and the New Urban Agenda, BDC - Bollettino de! Centro Calza Bini - Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, no. 1, pp. 37-54,

Kanuri, Chaitanya, Revei, Aromar; Espey, Jessica and Kuhle, Holger (2016) Getting started with the SDGs in cities : guide for stakeholders, New York, Sustainable Development Solutions Network

Satterthwaite, David and Bartlett, Sheridan (2016) Urbanization, development and the Sustainable Development Goals, In: Bartlett, Sheridan and Satterthwaite, David (eds.) Cities on a finite planet : towards transformative responses to climate change, Abingdon, Routledge, pp. 1-16.

Simon, David; Arfvidsson, Helen; Anand, Geetika; Bazaz, Amir; Fenna, Gill; Foster, Kevin; Jain, Garima; Hansson, Stina;  Evans, Louise Marix; Moodley, Nishendra; Nyambuga,Charles; Oloko, Michael; Ombara, Doris Chandi; Patel, Zarina; Perry, Beth; Primo, Natasha; Revi, Aromar;  Niekerk, Brendon Van; Wharton, Alex and Wright, Carol (2016) Developing and testing the urban Sustainable Development Goal’s targets and indicators – five-city study, Environment & Urbanization, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 49-63. Also available on ResearchGate
Watson, Vanessa (2016) Locating planning in the New Urban Agenda of the urban sustainable development goal, Planning Theory, vol.15, no. 4, pp. 435-448. Also available on ResearchGate
Breimer, Tikvah; Capra, Carlo and Jachnow, Alexander (2015) Capacity development in the light of an urban Sustainable Development goal – SDG 11 : targets, actors, stakeholders and the kind of capacity we need for our urban future, Rotterdam, Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies (IHS)
Cities Alliance (2015) Sustainable Development Goals and Habitat III : opportunities for a successful New Urban Agenda (Cities Alliance discussion paper ; 3), Brussels, Cities Alliance
Rivera, Manuel and Lagos, Adriana (2013) Establishing a Sustainable Development Goal on cities (IASS policy brief ; 3), Potsdam, Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS)


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